Hamedan is the ancient capital of the Medes kingdom, the predecessors of the Persians of the same Indo-Iranian lineage.
The remains of Hegmataneh, so the city was called in Antiquity, can be visited at the archaeological site under the same name in the city without any trace of 7 legendary walls surrounding the city is found, each one had to be colored differently, one gold the other silver according to Herodotus.
The city was on the royal road to Mesopotamia and the decisive defeat of the Sassanids against the Muslim army in 636 A.D., which turned the page in Persian history, happened at Nahavand 110 km away.
Its geographical location makes an ethnic crossbreeding, the population being mixed with Kurds, Turks, and Lurs and Laks presents a demographic wealth.
The great scholar and philosopher Avicenna was to find his composure here and the two biblical figures Ester (wife of Achaemenid king Xerxes) and his uncle Mourdekhay, a courtier, were buried in a humble mausoleum in the city center.
To integrate the old circular city plan into a new modern architecture, the German engineer in charge of the project, created a central roundabout from which 6 arteries going through the city started, the double arcade square has 12 small domes.
The other surviving site from the ancient times, Ganj-Nameh (the treasure map) called by the locals, takes us to the foot of Mount Alvande (3510 m) which dominates the city. The site has two inscriptions of Darios and Xerexes in cuneiform noting the family tree of Darios in order to justify his Achaemenid lineage. In the end of the day The tepe of Abass-Abad offers a panoramic view of the city.
Hamedan is known for its ceramic designs and a palette typical of the region.