“The tumultuous torrent which descends from the mountains will be lost in the ravines, but the most modest drop of dew is sucked up by the sun which raises it up to the stars”. Saadi fruit garden
Saadi, the great Persian poet born in 1210 in Shiraz, has been nicknamed the “Master of the Word”. He studied at the Al Nizamiya School in Baghdad, the most important science center in the Muslim world at the time, and then traveled to various regions, including the Levant and the Hejaz.
He then returned to his hometown of Shiraz and remained there for the rest of his life. His tomb is still visited today to pay homage to him.
Some scholars believe that Saadi is more influenced by religious teachings, especially Shafi’i and Ash’ari, two branches of Sunism, and that he would be fatalistic. This statement is debatable because not quite well founded.
Saadi had an undeniable influence on the Persian language, so there is a significant similarity between modern Persian and his literary writings. His works have long been taught in schools as a source of Persian language and literature, and many popular proverbs in the Persian language have their origin here.
He wrote in a simple manner and adopted a brief style which earned him great fame, even during his lifetime.
Their most famous works are Golestan, “The garden of roses” is their major work. This philosophical sum in verse and poetic prose, written in a style alternately naive, lyrical, tender and sometimes even humorous, initiates the reader to a finer perception of reality.
Behind the apparent sensuality of the form and beyond allegory, the deep nature, the “zat” of all being and all things, is revealed little by little, knowledge of which is the very essence of spiritual awakening. ., and Bustan “Le jardin des fruits”, Le Jardin des fruits is a collection of moral stories of great finesse, which also contains sentences and prayers. These short stories, often funny, for the most part have a moral or social dimension. They are all opportunities to learn to behave in problematic situations of life, and to emerge morally grown from its misadventures. The spiritual dimension of these stories can also take precedence over any other consideration, thus inviting meditation and recollection.
Golestan and Bustan are known as moral books whose influence extended beyond the borders of Persia: they also won over Western thinkers such as Voltaire and Goethe, among others.