Category: Cities

Tabriz

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Tabriz

hier is more about city of Tabriz

Tabriz is the former capital and the main city of the Azerbaijan region of Iran and its inhabitants are speakers of the Turkish dialect. It is the 2nd city after Tehran where the decisive battles took place during the major socio-political events of the country during the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century. Like the drafting and establishment of the constitution and other liberating events during the Qajar monarchy.
Throughout its history, Tabriz has suffered so much damage from natural disasters as it has from invading enemies.
For centuries the city was the only access to the Western world. it was the great gate through which overland trade took place. Tabriz played this role until the Suez Canal came into effect and the sea lanes were used. Thanks to its geographical location and the kinship ties with the people of neighboring countries, especially Azerbaijan and Turkey, the inhabitants have been able to develop smooth and solid trade relations. A lot of goods pass through Tabriz, but also, new ideologies and currents of intellectual thought, such as communism and democratic socialism have been able to penetrate the country.
The customs benefit exclusively granted to the Russians was a matter of greed for the British. The state to satisfy the English had given them the same advantage on the southern border.
The famous Blue Mosque collapsed in an earthquake, brought back to life thanks to a well-carried out restoration, opens the visit of the city. The Azarbaijan Museum is next door, then we set off to visit Iran’s most beautiful bazaar where merchants are grouped into corporations.
There are many possibilities for excursions to nearby sites. As first of all the village of Kandovan, an hour’s drive away, and the visit of its cave houses still inhabited. For those interested in the history of Christianity and the Gregorian faith, several famous Armenian churches are in the area.
A long day of excursion to discover the Church of Saint Stéphanoise and the Church of Saint Tadee (Kara – kelissa), it will be an unforgettable pilgrimage.

You need at least 1 day to visit:

Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for different functions. Tabriz and its Bazaar were already prosperous and famous in the 13th century, when the town, in the province of Eastern Azerbaijan, became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom. It is one of the most complete examples of the traditional commercial and cultural system of Iran

The Blue Mosque (Masjed-e Kabūd) is a historic mosque in TabrizIran. The mosque and some other public buildings were constructed in 1465 upon the order of Jahan Shah, the ruler of Kara Koyunlu.

The mosque was severely damaged in an earthquake in 1780, leaving only the iwan (entrance hall). Reconstruction began in 1973 by Reza Memaran Benam under the supervision of Iranian Ministry of Culture.

Azerbaijan Museum is the major archaeological and historical museum in Tabriz, in the northwest part of Iran (East Azerbaijan Province). It was established on April 1958. The museum consists of three major halls, a side yard, office rooms and a library. It mostly contains objects discovered from excavations in Iranian Azerbaijan, also some artworks and sculptures of artists. Its library contains more than 2500 books, both handwritten and printed, about history, archaeology, art and Iranian culture. Apart from National Museum of Iran in Tehran, Azerbaijan Museum has the largest collection belonging to different periods of Iran’s history.

The Jāmeh Mosque  a large, congregational mosque (Jāmeh) in Tabrīz city,  It is located in the Bazaar suburb of Tabriz next to the Grand Bazaar of Tabriz.

El Gölü also called Shah Goli  is a large historic park (or garden) in the south east region of Tabriz. One of its main features is its large artificial lake, measuring 210 meters on sides.

Tradition dates the construction of the park to the late 18th century However, it may have been built earlier as well; some sources suggest as far back as the 14th century.In the Qajar period the park was restored and high terraces were added.

The northern side of the lake was built up, which, according to Penelope Hobhouse, makes the lake “appear to float over the valley”.A causeway leads out to a pavilion, today the site of a restaurant. The pavilion was once crowned with a dome.From the west hillside, a spring feeds the lake, a cascade descending in five terraces. The sight is flanked by poplar trees and willows.

Kandovan  is an ancient village in Sahand Rural District in the Central District of Osku CountyEast Azerbaijan Province. It is situated in the foothills of Mount Sahand, near the city of Osku. At the 2006 census, the village population was 601, in 168 families.

The village exemplifies manmade cliff dwellings which are still inhabited. The troglodyte homes, excavated inside volcanic rocks similar to dwellings in the Turkish region of Cappadocia, are locally called Karaan. Karaans were cut into non-welded ignimbrites, also called “ash-flow tuffs,” of Mount Sahand. The cone form of the houses is the result of the erosion of ignimbrite layers consisting of porous, round and angular pumice together with other volcanic particles that were positioned in a grey, acidic matrix. During the eruption of Sahand, pyroclastic flows formed the rocks of Kandovan. Around the village the thickness of this formation exceeds 100 metres  and with time, due to water erosion, the cone-shaped cliffs were formed.

Fire Temple

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Yazd Zoroastrian fire temple is a holy monument in which the 1500-year old fire is maintained.

The fire is one the 4 holly elements for the Zoroastrian and also the most important one because not only it’s not been contaminated…

Yazd Zoroastrian fire temple is a holy monument in which the 1500-year old fire is maintained.
The fire is one the 4 holly elements for the Zoroastrian and also the most important one because not only it’s not been contaminated but also it produce the heat and light which are essential for the life. This Bahram fire is one of the few ones which has alived since old times.
During the years the maguses have been protecting the magical fire.
On the building facade, you can see a beautiful Farvahar emblem with 3 mottos, good thought, good word, good deed.
It is a modest edifice to reserve light of the millennium history of Persia.

abbas-abad-garden-hamadan

Hamedan

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Hamedan is the ancient capital of the Medes kingdom, the predecessors of the Persians of the same Indo-Iranian lineage.

The remains of Hegmataneh, so the city was called in Antiquity, can be visited at the archaeological site under the same name in the city without any trace of 7 legendary walls surrounding the city is found, each one had to be colored differently, one gold the other silver according to Herodotus.

Hamedan is the ancient capital of the Medes kingdom, the predecessors of the Persians of the same Indo-Iranian lineage.

The remains of Hegmataneh, so the city was called in Antiquity, can be visited at the archaeological site under the same name in the city without any trace of 7 legendary walls surrounding the city is found, each one had to be colored differently, one gold the other silver according to Herodotus.

The city was on the royal road to Mesopotamia and the decisive defeat of the Sassanids against the Muslim army in 636 A.D., which turned the page in Persian history, happened at Nahavand 110 km away.
Its geographical location makes an ethnic crossbreeding, the population being mixed with Kurds, Turks, and Lurs and Laks presents a demographic wealth.
The great scholar and philosopher Avicenna was to find his composure here and the two biblical figures Ester (wife of Achaemenid king Xerxes) and his uncle Mourdekhay, a courtier, were buried in a humble mausoleum in the city center.
To integrate the old circular city plan into a new modern architecture, the German engineer in charge of the project, created a central roundabout from which 6 arteries going through the city started, the double arcade square has 12 small domes.
The other surviving site from the ancient times, Ganj-Nameh (the treasure map) called by the locals, takes us to the foot of Mount Alvande (3510 m) which dominates the city. The site has two inscriptions of Darios and Xerexes in cuneiform noting the family tree of Darios in order to justify his Achaemenid lineage. In the end of the day The tepe of Abass-Abad offers a panoramic view of the city.
Hamedan is known for its ceramic designs and a palette typical of the region.

herkul-sculpture-boston-kermanshah

Kermanshah

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Kermanshah, and its predominantly Kurdish population, with some Lor is in northwest Iran.

The city, being the capital of the northwest region, served as a supply base for the northern front against the Iraqi assault and was severely hit during the Iran-Iraq war.

Kermanshah, and its predominantly Kurdish population, with some Lor is in northwest Iran.

The city, being the capital of the northwest region, served as a supply base for the northern front against the Iraqi assault and was severely hit during the Iran-Iraq war.

Kermanshah is located on the ancient road that connects the Iranian plateau to the Mesopotamian plain. The latter is punctuated by numerous ornamentations and archaeological remains from different periods: Achemenides, Hellenistic, Parthian and Sassanid.
There, in Behistoun, located 20km from Kermanshah, the statue of the Greek hero Hercules who seems to watch over her. On the same rock where this work was carved, appears the proclamation of Darius I written in three languages: Old Persian, Elamite and Akkadian, and which tells us of his illustrious conquests.
Among other vestiges of antiquity, one can find the temple dedicated to the veneration of Artemis, Anahita in the Persian pantheon, 100 km away, in the city of Kangavar.
Nowadays, this route is mainly used by Shia pilgrims from Iran and Iraq.
In Tagh e Bostan we visit the jubilant scene of the Sassanid kings, which offers a style different from the art already known to the Sassanids, the hunting scenes presented as a comic strip with unprecedented realism and incredibly detailed.
The statues with rounded shapes are unheard of in the Sassanid artistic repertoire, and the structure of the bas-reliefs and the halos adorning the busts evoke the influence of Buddhism at that time.
A Tekiey, a place reserved for the commemorative processions of the mourning of Imam Hossein, dating from the 19th century offers a very fine example of Qajar period tiles, very well preserved.
This region is rich and fertile, which favors agriculture. In addition, it is renowned for its traditional cookies.

shahzadeh-garden-mahan-kerman

Kerman

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Kerman, located on the central plateau, relays the caravan route going to the Indian subcontinent.
The county seat of a province rich in many key archaeological sites.

The incredible discovery of chlorite objects in Jiroft testifies to trade with regions as far away as the southern Persian Gulf from the 3rd millennium B.C.

Kerman, located on the central plateau, relays the caravan route going to the Indian subcontinent.
The county seat of a province rich in many key archaeological sites.

The incredible discovery of chlorite objects in Jiroft testifies to trade with regions as far away as the southern Persian Gulf from the 3rd millennium B.C.

The city receives significantly fewer visitors than Shiraz and Isfahan, due to its location, The city is a little off from north-south axis toward east, but it offers just as many attractions and beauty; a local bazaar, traditional baths, and the mosques.
Although the city is surrounded by desert, it enjoys a fresh temperature thanks to its altitude of nearly 1800 m.
It offers the possibility of making many excursions ;
The ruins of the citadel of Bam, recently rebuilt, counts many curious daily visitors. The desert of Shahdad 100 km from Kerman offers a lunar landscape of massifs of eroded mount called Kalout, it is the hottest point on earth in summer, with no need for fire to cook eggs.

The city of Mahan 40 km embrace the tomb of a great Dervish whose descendants continue to this day, and the Shazdeh Garden on the outskirts is one of the most beautiful persin gardens.
Don’t forget to taste its pistachios and buy cumin and ghovatou, a magic powder to make you feel younger, reserved for men …

bazar-tabriz

Tabriz

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 181 0

Tabriz is the former capital and the main city of the Azerbaijan region of Iran and its inhabitants are speakers of the Turkish dialect. It is the 2nd city after Tehran where the decisive battles took place during the major socio-political events of the country during the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century. Like the drafting and establishment of the constitution and other liberating events during the Qajar monarchy.

Throughout its history, Tabriz has suffered so much damage from natural disasters as it has from invading enemies.
For centuries the city was the only access to the Western world. it was the great gate through which overland trade took place.

Tabriz is the former capital and the main city of the Azerbaijan region of Iran and its inhabitants are speakers of the Turkish dialect. It is the 2nd city after Tehran where the decisive battles took place during the major socio-political events of the country during the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century. Like the drafting and establishment of the constitution and other liberating events during the Qajar monarchy.

Throughout its history, Tabriz has suffered so much damage from natural disasters as it has from invading enemies.
For centuries the city was the only access to the Western world. it was the great gate through which overland trade took place.

Tabriz played this role until the Suez Canal came into effect and the sea lanes were used. Thanks to its geographical location and the kinship ties with the people of neighboring countries, especially Azerbaijan and Turkey, the inhabitants have been able to develop smooth and solid trade relations. A lot of goods pass through Tabriz, but also, new ideologies and currents of intellectual thought, such as communism and democratic socialism have been able to penetrate the country.
The customs benefit exclusively granted to the Russians was a matter of greed for the British. The state to satisfy the English had given them the same advantage on the southern border.
The famous Blue Mosque collapsed in an earthquake, brought back to life thanks to a well-carried out restoration, opens the visit of the city. The Azarbaijan Museum is next door, then we set off to visit Iran’s most beautiful bazaar where merchants are grouped into corporations.
There are many possibilities for excursions to nearby sites. As first of all the village of Kandovan, an hour’s drive away, and the visit of its cave houses still inhabited. For those interested in the history of Christianity and the Gregorian faith, several famous Armenian churches are in the area.
A long day of excursion to discover the Church of Saint Stéphanoise and the Church of Saint Tadee (Kara – kelissa), it will be an unforgettable pilgrimage.

 

tehran-overview

Tehran

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Tehran, the capital of Iran since the 19th century, is now a megapolis of more than 14 million inhabitants. This is the scene where the politic events and social tumultes of the country have happened and made our contemporary history.

Rey, the ancient city which is mentioned in the historical texts is now one of its southern quarters, absorbed by the frenetic development of Tehran.
Its airports, universities and hospitals and commercial centers are the biggest and most modern in the country.

Tehran, the capital of Iran since the 19th century, is now a megapolis of more than 14 million inhabitants. This is the scene where the politic events and social tumultes of the country have happened and made our contemporary history.
Rey, the ancient city which is mentioned in the historical texts is now one of its southern quarters, absorbed by the frenetic development of Tehran.
Its airports, universities and hospitals and commercial centers are the biggest and most modern in the country.

Otherwise, for the lovers of traditional shopping, a promenade in the bazaar and its galleries would be nice which is the longest of the country.
Tehran also offers its mountains, its ideal surrounding for walkers and ski lovers in winter.
Since the rural life is touched by the dryness and the lack of facilities for the necessary development in the small urban centers, exodus to the megapolis has been intensified specially after the Islamic revolution, without any appropriate urban development plan has been anticipated.
Tehran is the point of departure for the most tourists trips because the museums and palaces, allowing cultural and historical discussion topics to be explored for the rest of the journey.
Recently, the elegant architecture of modern bridge (Tabiat) became an attraction and the place for meetings of the youngs, and a scene of interactions between the travelers and the inhabitants.
Although, its inhabitants always complain of the pollution and its traffic but they like their city because it is dynamic and release a sense of energy.
For most Iranians, the ambiguous thought of the past politics, and the destiny in the front, The name if Tehran still bears a great deal of secrecy.

 

agha-bozorg-mosque-kashan

Kashan

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Kashan is the ancient oasis of the central plateau. Its history, thanks to the archaeological mounds of Sialk, dates back to time immemorial.
Its name recalls the tiles in Persian, but the city is famous for its rose gardens, and of course the distillation of rose water, with its annual festival.
In the 19th century, its hand-woven rugs exported the Kashan’s fame artistic through the world.

The city has suffered from so many climate changes and the loss of the carpet market, the basis of its industry, over the past decades.
Due to this economic and geographic desertification, the city experienced waves of migration to other major metropolitans like Tehran and Isfahan, but the city has been able to react thanks to the resumption of tourism.
Hundreds of old houses transformed into boutique hotels welcoming their guests.

The fact that the city is located on the north-south axis, makes it an ideal overnight stopover and fits well in tourist trip plans.
The Fin garden offers the visit of a typical Persian garden, with its vegetation and its architecture.
The sad tragedy of the murder of Grand Vizier Amir-Kabir, one of the heroes of Iranian history, took place in the depth of his bath.
Take the time to climb on the roof of the Seraglio of Amin-o-doleh in the bazaar where you can admire the sunset.

hafezie-garden-shiraz

Shiraz

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Shiraz the city of the wine and the poetry. Its inhabitants are known for their savoir-vivre and their epicureanism.
A soft climate where the winds of the Persian Gulf blow, it is the favorite city of travelers.

The only place on earth where you have to forget the time to earn more and get drunk on the words of its poets in order to appreciate the Persian language.

Shiraz the city of the wine and the poetry. Its inhabitants are known for their savoir-vivre and their epicureanism.
A soft climate where the winds of the Persian Gulf blow, it is the favorite city of travelers.

The only place on earth where you have to forget the time to earn more and get drunk on the words of its poets in order to appreciate the Persian language.

There are many nomads and cattle in the hinterland of Shiraz, more than anywhere in Iran these days.
Walking in its gardens, the breeze blowning through the slender cypresses, the beautiful voluptuous figure of Hafez’s poems and the rose garden, muse of Saadi, the great sage of moral precepts.
The spring air, perfumed with the scent of citrus trees and jasmine, the young nomade Turk in colorful velvet clothes and silky look.
From shops with vinegar jars and plant juices, to thousands of bottles of beneficial nectar, borage, chicory, Egyptian willow and eglantine.
The Moshir seraglio opens its craft shops and its smiling vendors stock their showcase.
Shiraz Persian beauty, legendary city, eternal capital of epicureans and poets …