Category: Historical

ice-reservoir-kerman

Ice house

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 463 0

Ice dump in Kerman is a conical structure made out of straw and clay which covers a big hemisphere reservoir dug in the ground.

It was a place for preserving the ice.

Ice house in Kerman is a conical structure made out of straw and clay which covers a big hemisphere reservoir dug in the ground. It was a place for preserving the ice. There are some big shallow ponds and high walls near the ice dump to make the ice on winter nights. Every night water was poured into the pond and at night it turned into ice. The ice was taken into the reservoir and a stash of straw was placed between the layers to isolate it. The reason that they made the structure like a cone is because of preventing the heat from entering the ice dump. After filling up the Ice dump, they keep it close until summer and after that, they brought the ice to the city to sell it; in the ceremonies, they use the ice for making the syrup and cold water for the guests, a real refreshing beverage.

isfahan-Pigeon-tower

Pigeon tower

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 455 0

Pigeon tower was used as a safe house and shelter for the pigeons but this wasn’t the only function.

They were built around the farms to collect their droppings as fertilizer!

Pigeon tower was used as a safe house and shelter for the pigeons but this wasn’t the only function. They were built around the farms to collect their droppings as fertilizer! Every 6 month the farmers collected the dropping and used them in their farms or even they sold it. Today we know that these droppings are rich in Nitrogen, a critical element for cucurbits such as melons. No surprise that melons of Isfahan have had a reputation since 1000 years ago.
The structure includes a central cylinder which is surrounded by several smaller cylinders; all are made of brick and plaster. There are thousands of nests on the internal surface of the cylinders.
The only entrance to the tower was a set of holes on the top, just as big as a pigeon, to prevent the birds of prey from entering the tower. There is also a white stripe around the external surface of the tower which is slippery for snakes.
Pigeon towers are only found in Isfahan province and some of these organic fertilizer factories are reconstructed for the people and tourists to visit.

“Who is knocking at the door?”

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 444 0

Knockers are not only decorative accessories hung on heavy wooden doors, they have a special cultural connotation.

Women inside houses had to wear the hijab in the presence of people outside the close family members knocking on the door.

Knockers are not only decorative accessories hung on heavy wooden doors, they have a special cultural connotation. Women inside houses had to wear the hijab in the presence of people outside the close family members knocking on the door. There are two hammers on each door leaf, each having a different shape and a different tone. The circular one has a lower sound, indicates that a woman is standing in front of the door. The heavier, larger handle has a higher sound and tells us it is a man visiting the household.

The-diamond-Daraye-Noor-sea-of-light-Treasury-of-National-Jewels

The Royal treasury of Iran

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 437 0

The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank.

The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, …

The Royal treasury of Iran
The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank. The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, he brought back a great deal of precious stones including the two largest pink diamond in the world, sea of light and mount of light. The latter later possessed by british army and is now on the crown of the queen.
In the Qajar era, once again, Fath Ali shah took possession of it and the personal interest of the Qajar kings added quite a few new gems to it, which were partly bought and some counted among the diplomatic gifts.
In 1937 a law required that the treasury be transferred to the Melli (national) bank as the financial endowment of national currency.
The treasury has been prepared and opened to the public with very restricted visiting times.
Among the unique jewels, we can name
The crown of the Pahlavi Dynasty of 2080 grams, used by Reza and Mohammadreza Shah in their coronation ceremony. The famous diamond Daraye-Noor (sea of light) of 182 carats in pink color.
The Kiani crown, belonged to Fath Ali shah and other Qajar kings, set with a 120 carat garnet.
The jeweled globe, made in 1869 by the order of Nasserdin-shah was made basically with 3656 grams of gold with 51366 precious stones mounted on it.
The peacock throne (in Persian named Tawouss, beloved of Fath Ali Shah) dating from the beginning of the 19th century.
Note the visiting hours are from 2:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Open Saturday through Tuesday under strict control.

National Museum of Iran

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Iran-e-Bastan, Archaeological Museum,
The most important archaeological museum in Iran,

built in the 1930s under the supervision of André Godar, the French architect, …

Iran-e-Bastan, Archaeological Museum,
The most important archaeological museum in Iran, built in the 1930s under the supervision of André Godar, the French architect, to welcome and house the findings from archaeological missions throughout Iran. The entrance was inspired by the magnificent arch of ctisphon palace.
The building has two floors. The first floor reserved for the Paleolithic & prehistoric periods and the ground floor, intended for
the historical periods. Totally the museum covers almost 400000 years time span.
pottery is most abundant item in the museum which also serves as an index in the archeological chronology.

Among the most remarkable showcases we can indicate the one which shows a collection of stamp seals (stamp, signifying the signatures in Antiquity)
and cylindrical seals (mainly used in commerce) and tokens, functioned as delivery note in ancient time

A display case features artifacts from Shahr-e-Soukhteh (the burnt city) that is a site in the southeastern region of Iran in the 3rd millennium B.C. One of the most exciting object is a goblet showing the oldest animated painting in the human history.

A very rich collection of bronze objects from louristan, shows objects of high artistic refinement such as horse bit, pins and funerary artifacts.
A large bas-relief brought from Persepolis showing Xerexes and other courtiers.
A headless statue of Darius from Susa and mosaics from Bishapour (Sassanid period) are other significant objects in the museum.
The location of the museum is in the vicinity of some other museums including Islamic period museum and glassware museum.

tabatabai-house-kashan

Tabatabaei house

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 390 0

Tabatabaei house is one of the numerous old houses in the city of Kashan which was mostly built during 19th century.

This trend of construction reminds the prosperity of Kashan thanks to the carpet production on the field which Tabatabaei family …

Tabatabaei house is one of the numerous old houses in the city of Kashan which was mostly built during 19th century.
This trend of construction reminds the prosperity of Kashan thanks to the carpet production on the field which Tabatabaei family was reputed for. If we want to enumerate some characteristics of this type of architecture, took into consideration in most of the houses; modest entrance, internal and external courts, reserved for the family and the guests.
Central courtyard surrounded by aestival (normally domed by wind tower) and hivernal (lighted by the sun) habitation for appropriate seasons.
Shah-Neshin, a richly decorated room destined to welcoming the guests .
Interconnected rooms for preserving the family privacy and the master room which dominated the house. Enjoy your visit in Kashan

vank-cathedral-isfahan

Vank Cathedral

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 374 0

Vank Cathedral,(congregational) the first and the main Armenian church in Isfahan was built in the middle of 17th century

and the differences of its plan to the classic ones has raised some legends and rumors, …

Vank Cathedral,(congregational) the first and the main Armenian church in Isfahan was built in the middle of 17th century after the Armenian immigration forced by shah Abass who wanted to promote prosperity in his new capital, Isfahan.
Brick dome of church and some tiles working seem to be a derivation of Muslim mosques. The paintings are the combination of Byzantine style and Iranian miniature. This church is not in service any more and it is just used as a museum and for administrative matters. An ethnography museum near by shows the history of the Armenians since their arrival.

sheikh-lotfollah-mosque-isfahan

Sheikh Lotfolah Mosque

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There are two mosques in Naghshe -Jahan square. The one with no minaret is sheikh lotfolah.

It was built in 17th century and the differences of its plan to the classic ones has raised some legends and rumors , …

There are two mosques in Naghshe -Jahan square. The one with no minaret is sheikh lotfolah. It was built in 17th century and the differences of its plan to the classic ones has raised some legends and rumors ,such as it was reserved to women of the king who came in through an underground path .

The entrance seems like a transition from world of materials to heavens.
When one reaches that single prayer hall, he/she finds out that there is nothing more beutiful to see .
One should spend hours to observe and meditate on tiles and mosaics to be able to appreciate the splendeur of decoration and the straits of calligraphy.
Light plays a special role on the patterns and does not let the eyes to match with habituel colors they perceive normally .
It really deserve to be named as one of the most beautiful mosques in the Islamic world.

jame-mosque-yazd

Jame Mosque of Yazd

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The Jame Mosque or the Congregational Mosque is one of the oldest monuments of the Islamic era in Yazd.

An imposing entrance (the tallest of all mosques in Iran) topped by two minarets that dominate the old city.

The Jame Mosque or the Congregational Mosque is one of the oldest monuments of the Islamic era in Yazd. An imposing entrance (the tallest of all mosques in Iran) topped by two minarets that dominate the old city.
Much of the history of The Mosque dates back to Mongolian times in the 14th century. The monument has been restored several times. The last works were carried out between 1954 and 1986. The reputation of the mosque is due to its Persian blue tiles, its mosaics with various floral and geometric patterns, or its fine ornamentation in brick and terracotta.
The water is channeled through a qanat, accessed by a staircase to perform ablution before prayer.

Zoroasterism

Zoroastrianism, Iranians ancient religion

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 363 0

“Zoroaster” is the name generally known in the West for the prophet of ancient Iran,

whose transformation of his inherited religion inaugurated a movement that eventually became the dominant religion in Iran up until the triumph of Islam.

“Zoroaster” is the name generally known in the West for the prophet of ancient Iran, whose transformation of his inherited religion inaugurated a movement that eventually became the dominant religion in Iran up until the triumph of Islam. Controversy over Zaraθuštra’s date has been an embarrassment of long-standing to Zoroastrian studies. If anything approaching a consensus exists, it is that he lived ca. 1000 BC.
There is really nothing in the Gathas (oldest part of Avesta , zoroastriens holy book) which might give a clue where Zoroaster lived or the areas in which he was active.
Even though there are later traditions which place him in Azerbaijan and Media, it is more reasonable to locate Zoroaster somewhere in eastern Iran along with the rest of the Avesta. The Gathas offer scant information about the life of the prophet. Apparently, Zaraθuštra’s position within his own society became so precarious that he was forced to flee. Ethics plays a predominant role in Zaraθuštra’s thought. Part and parcel of Zaraθuštra’s ethical vision was the belief in rewards and punishments in the afterlife. Although it is impossible to know whether or not it was his innovation, Zaraθuštra was the first in recorded human history to articulate a clear theology of heaven for the righteous and a hell for the wicked.