Category: Art

Minakari Enamel Persian Handicrafts

Enamel (Minākāri)

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Enamel or enamel making, or as is known in Iran, Minākāri, is nowadays considered as one of the top handicrafts produced by Iranian masters, decorating the houses of both Iranians and also tourists and visitors of Iran touched by the beauty of this truly amazing Persian form of art.

Enamel (Minākāri)

Enamel or enamel making, or as is known in Iran, Minākāri, is nowadays considered as one of the top handicrafts produced by Iranian masters, decorating the houses of both Iranians and also tourists and visitors of Iran touched by the beauty of this truly amazing Persian form of art.

A Brief History of Enamel or Enamel Making in Iran

Unfortunately, the origin of enamel making in Iran is lost in history, leaving us with no firm evidence about the beginnings of this art in the land of Persians. Yet, if you happened to be in London one day, it is worth to pay a visit to the Albert and Victoria Museum to watch and enjoy the dazzling beauty of the enameled bracelets made in Iran during the Achaemenid era (550 to 330 BC), on display in.

Concerning its current form and practice, historians argue that the art of enamel making first developed in Iran during the Seljuk era (12th century). But, it reached its zenith during the Safavid period (17th century), most probably due to the influence of Russian and European enameled wares sent to the courts of kings as diplomatic gifts.

Sadly, the art of enamel making gradually lost its popularity after the Safavids. During the Qajar era (19th century), it was limited to the production of certain wares such as hookah jars and hookah heads.

Fortunately, enamel making flowered once again during the Pahlavi era, thanks to the efforts of master Shokrallah Sanizadeh. Since then, the art of enamel making has been thriving, gaining more and more world reputation.

The Process of Enamel Making

To make enamel, the artist first makes a dish, vase or whatever he has in his mind from copper or, sometimes, from gold or silver. Then, he covers it with glaze or kaolin. Afterwards, the glazed dish is decorated with miniature designs, such as arabesque, flowers and even drawings of historical sites. Now, when the drawings are ready, the master artist has to color them, a process which occurs in several steps.

After coloring the drawings, the dish is put into an oven, with a temperature as high as 800˚C, in order to fix the colors and make the enamel durable. The dyes used in enamel making include various metal oxides like tin oxide for white, chrome oxide for yellow and manganese oxide for purpule. The glaze itself is made of material such as ground lapis lazuli or kaolin. The prominent color in enamel, like the tiles seen in mosques, is blue.

Where to Find the Best Enamel in Iran?

Isfahan is the birthplace of enamel and enamel making in Iran, with many outstanding masters, and if you are tempted to buy enamel in Iran, make sure to visit the unique enamel shops and workshops in this city. Also, you can find high quality enamel in Shiraz, though dyed with different colors from those produced in Isfahan.

written by Nasir Asadi

Art
The alley of Ghahro-Ashti in Yazd

The alley of Ghahro-Ashti in Yazd

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The alley of “sulk and reconciliation”
In the old town of Yazd,

there are alleys so narrow that if two passers-by pass each other, they have to stand to the side so that they can pass without jostling each other.

The alley of Ghahro-Ashti in Yazd,

The alley of “sulk and reconciliation”
In the old town of Yazd, there are alleys so narrow that if two passers-by pass each other, they have to stand to the side so that they can pass without jostling each other.
If two people were shunned, their friends would intervene to reconcile them.
On the one hand, his friends take one towards the trap by coming back to the subject and interpolating it on the causes of conflict. Likewise (by the same trick) , just time to cross, one push towards each other to force them to kiss to end the quarrel (of course during the joint walk they try to calm them and justify the action of the other).
It’s not always that easy … the result was sometimes catastrophic, refusing and trying to walk away…

The-diamond-Daraye-Noor-sea-of-light-Treasury-of-National-Jewels

The Royal treasury of Tehran

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The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank.

The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, …

The Royal treasury of Iran

The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank in Tehran. The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, he brought back a great deal of precious stones including the two largest pink diamond in the world, sea of light and mount of light. The latter later possessed by british army and is now on the crown of the queen.
In the Qajar era, once again, Fath Ali shah took possession of it and the personal interest of the Qajar kings added quite a few new gems to it, which were partly bought and some counted among the diplomatic gifts.
In 1937 a law required that the treasury be transferred to the Melli (national) bank as the financial endowment of national currency.
The treasury has been prepared and opened to the public with very restricted visiting times.
Among the unique jewels, we can name
The crown of the Pahlavi Dynasty of 2080 grams, used by Reza and Mohammadreza Shah in their coronation ceremony. The famous diamond Daraye-Noor (sea of light) of 182 carats in pink color.
The Kiani crown, belonged to Fath Ali shah and other Qajar kings, set with a 120 carat garnet.
The jeweled globe, made in 1869 by the order of Nasserdin-shah was made basically with 3656 grams of gold with 51366 precious stones mounted on it.
The peacock throne (in Persian named Tawouss, beloved of Fath Ali Shah) dating from the beginning of the 19th century.
Note the visiting hours are from 2:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Open Saturday through Tuesday under strict control.

National Museum of Iran

National Museum of Iran

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Iran-e-Bastan, Archaeological Museum,
The most important archaeological museum in Iran,

built in the 1930s under the supervision of André Godar, the French architect, …

Iran-e-Bastan, National Museum

The most important archaeological museum in Iran, built in the 1930s under the supervision of André Godar, the French architect, to welcome and house the findings from archaeological missions throughout Iran. The entrance was inspired by the magnificent arch of ctisphon palace.
The building has two floors. The first floor reserved for the Paleolithic & prehistoric periods and the ground floor, intended for
the historical periods. Totally the museum covers almost 400000 years time span.
pottery is most abundant item in the museum which also serves as an index in the archeological chronology.

Among the most remarkable showcases we can indicate the one which shows a collection of stamp seals (stamp, signifying the signatures in Antiquity)
and cylindrical seals (mainly used in commerce) and tokens, functioned as delivery note in ancient time

A display case features artifacts from Shahr-e-Soukhteh (the burnt city) that is a site in the southeastern region of Iran in the 3rd millennium B.C. One of the most exciting object is a goblet showing the oldest animated painting in the human history.

A very rich collection of bronze objects from louristan, shows objects of high artistic refinement such as horse bit, pins and funerary artifacts.
A large bas-relief brought from Persepolis showing Xerexes and other courtiers.
A headless statue of Darius from Susa and mosaics from Bishapour (Sassanid period) are other significant objects in the museum.
The location of the museum is in the vicinity of some other museums including Islamic period museum and glassware museum.

Art
Iran and Art

Persian literature

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With over three millenniums of literary history, Iran has one the most prosperous and diverse literature traditions in the world..

Although very few works survived from pre-Islamic periods but even those works are proving to be fantastic masterpieces

Persian literature

Persian literature with over three millenniums of  history, Iran has one the most prosperous and diverse literature traditions in the world.

Although very few works survived from pre-Islamic periods but even those works are proving to be fantastic masterpieces

Following the conquest of Arab Muslims, many fine arts such as dancing, painting and sculpting were banned and therefore our artist migrated to the literature land. So, our painter drew the beautiful face and body of his/her beloved with color of passion in romantic poems or our sculptor took the chisel of love and the stone of fascination to bring the beloved body in the heart. To enter this world of eternal blessing, of course, one need to know Persian language and to many it is frustrating to learn it. But now, by the collaboration of some the best crew in the country, we have made it possible for you to enter this world, see its monument, learn about the concepts and enjoy the brilliant ideas deep inside it, in your own text .

  • Phasellus tincidunt, quam ac hendrerit molestie.

  • Etiam nulla lectus, dictum ut lobortis a, blandit sed nisi..

  • Integer in purus et lectus accumsan tempor ac nec nulla.

  • Vivamus varius erat justo, in vestibulum ipsum rutrum tristique..

Art

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National Museum of Tehran, Abyaneh red village, 1 free day in Shiraz
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National Museum of Tehran, Spectacle of Zoorkhane
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National Museum of Tehran, Spectacle of Zoorkhane
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