Category: Art

The alley of Ghahro-Ashti

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 462 0

The alley of “sulk and reconciliation”
In the old town of Yazd,

there are alleys so narrow that if two passers-by pass each other, they have to stand to the side so that they can pass without jostling each other.

The alley of Ghahro-Ashti,
The alley of “sulk and reconciliation”
In the old town of Yazd, there are alleys so narrow that if two passers-by pass each other, they have to stand to the side so that they can pass without jostling each other.
If two people were shunned, their friends would intervene to reconcile them.
On the one hand, his friends take one towards the trap by coming back to the subject and interpolating it on the causes of conflict. Likewise (by the same trick) , just time to cross, one push towards each other to force them to kiss to end the quarrel (of course during the joint walk they try to calm them and justify the action of the other).
It’s not always that easy … the result was sometimes catastrophic, refusing and trying to walk away…

ice-reservoir-kerman

Ice house

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 464 0

Ice dump in Kerman is a conical structure made out of straw and clay which covers a big hemisphere reservoir dug in the ground.

It was a place for preserving the ice.

Ice house in Kerman is a conical structure made out of straw and clay which covers a big hemisphere reservoir dug in the ground. It was a place for preserving the ice. There are some big shallow ponds and high walls near the ice dump to make the ice on winter nights. Every night water was poured into the pond and at night it turned into ice. The ice was taken into the reservoir and a stash of straw was placed between the layers to isolate it. The reason that they made the structure like a cone is because of preventing the heat from entering the ice dump. After filling up the Ice dump, they keep it close until summer and after that, they brought the ice to the city to sell it; in the ceremonies, they use the ice for making the syrup and cold water for the guests, a real refreshing beverage.

isfahan-Pigeon-tower

Pigeon tower

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 456 0

Pigeon tower was used as a safe house and shelter for the pigeons but this wasn’t the only function.

They were built around the farms to collect their droppings as fertilizer!

Pigeon tower was used as a safe house and shelter for the pigeons but this wasn’t the only function. They were built around the farms to collect their droppings as fertilizer! Every 6 month the farmers collected the dropping and used them in their farms or even they sold it. Today we know that these droppings are rich in Nitrogen, a critical element for cucurbits such as melons. No surprise that melons of Isfahan have had a reputation since 1000 years ago.
The structure includes a central cylinder which is surrounded by several smaller cylinders; all are made of brick and plaster. There are thousands of nests on the internal surface of the cylinders.
The only entrance to the tower was a set of holes on the top, just as big as a pigeon, to prevent the birds of prey from entering the tower. There is also a white stripe around the external surface of the tower which is slippery for snakes.
Pigeon towers are only found in Isfahan province and some of these organic fertilizer factories are reconstructed for the people and tourists to visit.

“Who is knocking at the door?”

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 446 0

Knockers are not only decorative accessories hung on heavy wooden doors, they have a special cultural connotation.

Women inside houses had to wear the hijab in the presence of people outside the close family members knocking on the door.

Knockers are not only decorative accessories hung on heavy wooden doors, they have a special cultural connotation. Women inside houses had to wear the hijab in the presence of people outside the close family members knocking on the door. There are two hammers on each door leaf, each having a different shape and a different tone. The circular one has a lower sound, indicates that a woman is standing in front of the door. The heavier, larger handle has a higher sound and tells us it is a man visiting the household.

The-diamond-Daraye-Noor-sea-of-light-Treasury-of-National-Jewels

The Royal treasury of Iran

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 438 0

The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank.

The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, …

The Royal treasury of Iran
The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank. The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, he brought back a great deal of precious stones including the two largest pink diamond in the world, sea of light and mount of light. The latter later possessed by british army and is now on the crown of the queen.
In the Qajar era, once again, Fath Ali shah took possession of it and the personal interest of the Qajar kings added quite a few new gems to it, which were partly bought and some counted among the diplomatic gifts.
In 1937 a law required that the treasury be transferred to the Melli (national) bank as the financial endowment of national currency.
The treasury has been prepared and opened to the public with very restricted visiting times.
Among the unique jewels, we can name
The crown of the Pahlavi Dynasty of 2080 grams, used by Reza and Mohammadreza Shah in their coronation ceremony. The famous diamond Daraye-Noor (sea of light) of 182 carats in pink color.
The Kiani crown, belonged to Fath Ali shah and other Qajar kings, set with a 120 carat garnet.
The jeweled globe, made in 1869 by the order of Nasserdin-shah was made basically with 3656 grams of gold with 51366 precious stones mounted on it.
The peacock throne (in Persian named Tawouss, beloved of Fath Ali Shah) dating from the beginning of the 19th century.
Note the visiting hours are from 2:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Open Saturday through Tuesday under strict control.

National Museum of Iran

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Iran-e-Bastan, Archaeological Museum,
The most important archaeological museum in Iran,

built in the 1930s under the supervision of André Godar, the French architect, …

Iran-e-Bastan, Archaeological Museum,
The most important archaeological museum in Iran, built in the 1930s under the supervision of André Godar, the French architect, to welcome and house the findings from archaeological missions throughout Iran. The entrance was inspired by the magnificent arch of ctisphon palace.
The building has two floors. The first floor reserved for the Paleolithic & prehistoric periods and the ground floor, intended for
the historical periods. Totally the museum covers almost 400000 years time span.
pottery is most abundant item in the museum which also serves as an index in the archeological chronology.

Among the most remarkable showcases we can indicate the one which shows a collection of stamp seals (stamp, signifying the signatures in Antiquity)
and cylindrical seals (mainly used in commerce) and tokens, functioned as delivery note in ancient time

A display case features artifacts from Shahr-e-Soukhteh (the burnt city) that is a site in the southeastern region of Iran in the 3rd millennium B.C. One of the most exciting object is a goblet showing the oldest animated painting in the human history.

A very rich collection of bronze objects from louristan, shows objects of high artistic refinement such as horse bit, pins and funerary artifacts.
A large bas-relief brought from Persepolis showing Xerexes and other courtiers.
A headless statue of Darius from Susa and mosaics from Bishapour (Sassanid period) are other significant objects in the museum.
The location of the museum is in the vicinity of some other museums including Islamic period museum and glassware museum.

hafezieh-shiraz

Hafezieh

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 420 0

Hafezieh, the tomb of the great 14th-century Persian poet, the undisputed master of lyrics poetry (Ghazal, a poetic style that deals more with themes of love).

The universal poet, the source of inspiration for great philosophers and writers like Goethe and André Gide.

Hafezieh, the tomb of the great 14th-century Persian poet, the undisputed master of lyrics poetry (Ghazal, a poetic style that deals more with themes of love). The universal poet, the source of inspiration for great philosophers and writers like Goethe and André Gide.
His poetry deals as much with the worldly subjects (material world) and social theme as with the philosophical and mystical themes beyond our human perception. He talks about wine, beauty, and beautiful faces and appreciates the charm of his hometown Shiraz.

He has only one collection of poetry (Divan) which represents his literary style while there is another poet like Sadi (master of speech) mastering several styles, writes more voluminous works in prose as well as in poetry, but after centuries, it is the poetry of Hafez which has welcomed as interlocutor of advantage among Iranians and admirers of Persian poetry.

Perhaps more than literary and aesthetic reasoning, the enigma of Hafez’s poetry is one reason. Hafez’s poem is surreal and reveals several layers of perception that everyone based on their abilities perceives and translates.
This multifaceted quality has created a tradition called Tafaol (bibliomancy).
By opening Divan of Hafez at random, the verses that come, speak of the wish and foresees the fate of the person.
The ideal man for Hafez (Rend) is a person who does not care about this material and deceptive world that reveals the hypocrisy of the religious and deflects from the populism of authorities which has cost him the disgrace of governors.

The tomb is set in a pretty garden under a dome, it is the most comforting place for young lovers, frustrated by the infidelity of the beloved, seeking a cozy corner to spend some time with Hafez relieving verses.

hafezieh-shiraz

Iran and Art

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 106 0

With over three millenniums of literary history, Iran has one the most prosperous and diverse literature traditions in the world..

Although very few works survived from pre-Islamic periods but even those works are proving to be fantastic masterpieces

With over three millenniums of literary history, Iran has one the most prosperous and diverse literature traditions in the world..

Although very few works survived from pre-Islamic periods but even those works are proving to be fantastic masterpieces

Following the conquest of Arab Muslims, many fine arts such as dancing, painting and sculpting were banned and therefore our artist migrated to the literature land. So, our painter drew the beautiful face and body of his/her beloved with color of passion in romantic poems or our sculptor took the chisel of love and the stone of fascination to bring the beloved body in the heart. To enter this world of eternal blessing, of course, one need to know Persian language and to many it is frustrating to learn it. But now, by the collaboration of some the best crew in the country, we have made it possible for you to enter this world, see its monument, learn about the concepts and enjoy the brilliant ideas deep inside it, in your own text .

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Art