Category: architecture

The alley of Ghahro-Ashti in Yazd

The alley of Ghahro-Ashti in Yazd

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 560 0

The alley of “sulk and reconciliation”
In the old town of Yazd,

there are alleys so narrow that if two passers-by pass each other, they have to stand to the side so that they can pass without jostling each other.

The alley of Ghahro-Ashti in Yazd,

The alley of “sulk and reconciliation”
In the old town of Yazd, there are alleys so narrow that if two passers-by pass each other, they have to stand to the side so that they can pass without jostling each other.
If two people were shunned, their friends would intervene to reconcile them.
On the one hand, his friends take one towards the trap by coming back to the subject and interpolating it on the causes of conflict. Likewise (by the same trick) , just time to cross, one push towards each other to force them to kiss to end the quarrel (of course during the joint walk they try to calm them and justify the action of the other).
It’s not always that easy … the result was sometimes catastrophic, refusing and trying to walk away…

Where to find the ice in summer

Where to find the ice in summer

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 574 0

Ice dump in Kerman is a conical structure made out of straw and clay which covers a big hemisphere reservoir dug in the ground.

It was a place for preserving the ice.

Where to find the ice in summer?

Ice house  is a conical structure made out of straw and clay which covers a big hemisphere reservoir dug in the ground. we find it usually in iran in desert cities as well as Kerman and Yazd. It was a place for preserving the ice. There are some big shallow ponds and high walls near the ice dump to make the ice on winter nights. Every night water was poured into the pond and at night it turned into ice. The ice was taken into the reservoir and a stash of straw was placed between the layers to isolate it. The reason that they made the structure like a cone is because of preventing the heat from entering the ice dump. After filling up the Ice dump, they keep it close until summer and after that, they brought the ice to the city to sell it; in the ceremonies, they use the ice for making the syrup and cold water for the guests, a real refreshing beverage.

Pigeon tower, a source of fertilizer

Pigeon tower, a source of fertilizer

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 559 0

Pigeon tower was used as a safe house and shelter for the pigeons but this wasn’t the only function.

They were built around the farms to collect their droppings as fertilizer!

Pigeon tower, a source of fertilizer

Pigeon tower was used as a safe house and shelter for the pigeons but this wasn’t the only function. They were built around the farms to collect their droppings as fertilizer! Every 6 month the farmers collected the dropping and used them in their farms or even they sold it. Today we know that these droppings are rich in Nitrogen, a critical element for cucurbits such as melons. No surprise that melons of Isfahan have had a reputation since 1000 years ago.
The structure includes a central cylinder which is surrounded by several smaller cylinders; all are made of brick and plaster. There are thousands of nests on the internal surface of the cylinders.
The only entrance to the tower was a set of holes on the top, just as big as a pigeon, to prevent the birds of prey from entering the tower. There is also a white stripe around the external surface of the tower which is slippery for snakes.
Pigeon towers are only found in Isfahan province and some of these organic fertilizer factories are reconstructed for the people and tourists to visit.

Tabatabaei house in kashan

Tabatabaei house in kashan

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Tabatabaei house is one of the numerous old houses in the city of Kashan which was mostly built during 19th century.

This trend of construction reminds the prosperity of Kashan thanks to the carpet production on the field which Tabatabaei family …

Tabatabaei house in kashan

Tabatabaei house is one of the numerous old houses in the city of Kashan which was mostly built during 19th century.
This trend of construction reminds the prosperity of Kashan thanks to the carpet production on the field which Tabatabaei family was reputed for. If we want to enumerate some characteristics of this type of architecture, took into consideration in most of the houses; modest entrance, internal and external courts, reserved for the family and the guests.
Central courtyard surrounded by aestival (normally domed by wind tower) and hivernal (lighted by the sun) habitation for appropriate seasons.
Shah-Neshin, a richly decorated room destined to welcoming the guests .
Interconnected rooms for preserving the family privacy and the master room which dominated the house. Enjoy your visit in Kashan

Vank Cathedral armenian church

Vank Cathedral in Isfahan

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Vank Cathedral,(congregational) the first and the main Armenian church in Isfahan was built in the middle of 17th century

and the differences of its plan to the classic ones has raised some legends and rumors, …

Vank Cathedral in Isfahan

Vank Cathedral,(congregational) the first and the main Armenian church in Isfahan was built in the middle of 17th century after the Armenian immigration forced by shah Abass who wanted to promote prosperity in his new capital, Isfahan.
Brick dome of church and some tiles working seem to be a derivation of Muslim mosques. The paintings are the combination of Byzantine style and Iranian miniature. This church is not in service any more and it is just used as a museum and for administrative matters. An ethnography museum near by shows the history of the Armenians since their arrival.

Sheikh Lotfolah Mosque

Sheikh Lotfolah Mosque

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There are two mosques in Naghshe -Jahan square. The one with no minaret is sheikh lotfolah.

It was built in 17th century and the differences of its plan to the classic ones has raised some legends and rumors , …

Sheikh Lotfolah Mosque

There are two mosques in Naghshe -Jahan square. The one with no minaret is sheikh lotfolah. It was built in 17th century and the differences of its plan to the classic ones has raised some legends and rumors ,such as it was reserved to women of the king who came in through an underground path .

The entrance seems like a transition from world of materials to heavens.
When one reaches that single prayer hall, he/she finds out that there is nothing more beutiful to see .
One should spend hours to observe and meditate on tiles and mosaics to be able to appreciate the splendeur of decoration and the straits of calligraphy.
Light plays a special role on the patterns and does not let the eyes to match with habituel colors they perceive normally .
It really deserve to be named as one of the most beautiful mosques in the Islamic world.

Jameh Mosque of Yazd

Jameh Mosque of Yazd

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The Jame Mosque or the Congregational Mosque is one of the oldest monuments of the Islamic era in Yazd.

An imposing entrance (the tallest of all mosques in Iran) topped by two minarets that dominate the old city.

Jameh Mosque of Yazd

The Jame Mosque or the Congregational Mosque is one of the oldest monuments of the Islamic era in Yazd. An imposing entrance (the tallest of all mosques in Iran) topped by two minarets that dominate the old city.
Much of the history of The Mosque dates back to Mongolian times in the 14th century. The monument has been restored several times. The last works were carried out between 1954 and 1986. The reputation of the mosque is due to its Persian blue tiles, its mosaics with various floral and geometric patterns, or its fine ornamentation in brick and terracotta.
The water is channeled through a qanat, accessed by a staircase to perform ablution before prayer.

dolatabad-garden-yazd

Dolatabad Garden

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Dolat abad garden is one of the nine Persian gardens registered as the UNESCO world heritage sites which was constructed in 1750.

Its wind tower which is the tallest of its own kind, 34 m high, was built in Qajar era.

Dolatabad Garden

Dolatabad Garden is one of the nine UNESCO World Heritage-listed Persian gardens, built in 1750 by the Governor of Yazd. It’s 34m high wind tower is the tallest in the country, perhaps in the world, and dates from the 19 century.
The garden has many fruit trees including pomegranate trees and Ivy.
The most remarkable is the construction of a qanat of more than 30 km exclusively to bring water to the garden. There is a large fountained pool outside and there are several inside the pavilion, all connected.

Besides adobe ocher and white plaster, the tinted glass windows on the doors make a wonderful contrast in the bedrooms.
Visiting the garden makes us forget that we are in a city where water means life in the most realistic sense of the word.

Wind Tower

Wind Tower

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 434 0

Badgir or wind tower is a kind of tower constructed on top of the roof of the houses in Yazd and other cities in the desert to capture wind flow and to lead it to the room under for ventilation.

Do not worry about hot wind because a cool water basin under the tower would add some moisture to it and make it cooler.

wind tower

wind tower or  Badgir is a kind of tower constructed on top of the roof of the houses in Yazd and other cities in the desert to capture wind flow and to lead it to the room under for ventilation.
Do not worry about hot wind because a cool water basin under the tower would add some moisture to it and make it cooler.
How does it work when the wind stops? very ingenious, Some cool weather of the last night is enough to make an
airflow at the day when it begins to get hot in the rooms.

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