Category: society

Social-classes-Ancient-Persia

Social classes in Ancient Persia

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Persian society was modeled on a quadripartite scheme based on the Avesta, the sacred scriptures of the Zoroastrians.

Social classes in Ancient Persia

Persian society was modeled on a quadripartite scheme based on the Avesta, the sacred scriptures of the Zoroastrians.
The categories were:  priests, warriors, farmers and artisans.
The first three were each under the protection of one of the Empire’s three great sacred fires.

Azar-Faranbagh for priests, Azar-Gushnasp for the King of Kings and warriors and Azar-barzin-Mihr for farmers.
Society in the Sassanid era was hierarchical. The word caste has been applied to designate its classes. Membership in a category was hereditary and the barriers to a higher level were, in principle, impenetrable.

bazaar

Bazaar

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Stalls and shops lined up forming a spine, the economic center of cities in the Middle East. this has been called bazaar, since the dawn of time.

Bazaar

Stalls and shops lined up forming a spine, the economic center of cities in the Middle East. this has been called bazaar, since the dawn of time

A covered market, with a thousand and one entrances and alleys, airy and lighted. A setting that holds madrassas, caravanserais, schools and hammams. As it used to be a city inside a city.

A corridor where inhabitants meet, both merchants and customers.

A store, goods, there is as much food as diamonds.

Side by side, bakeries beside jewelry stores, each one to his own business,expertise and customers.

It wraps around the time and sets its course according to the currents and the surrounding environment..

The heirs are named after the parents, and the previous ones are remembered with nostalgia.

The bazaar has  thousands of  secrets and offers a chance to all beginners, with or without experience and money.

Don’t be surprised by the number of stalls, no competition problem, they all earn as the Omnipotent promises

Arranged marriage in Iran

Arranged marriage in Iran

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 578 0

Arranged marriage is a delicate question, often asked by travelers when visiting Iran, but a very cliché and often irrelevant topic for many Iranians.

Arranged marriages exist but represent only a small percentage of marriages in Iran.

Arranged marriage in Iran

Arranged marriage is a delicate question, often asked by travelers when visiting Iran, but a very cliché and often irrelevant topic for many Iranians.

Arranged marriages exist but represent only a small percentage of marriages in Iran.

 

Marriage is a kind of passage to adulthood and is essential if man want to position ourselves in society.
It is still a real institution.

But a problem arises thus: how do young people meet in Iran?
As co-education is prohibited at school from an early age, boys and girls evolve separately. There is therefore a glaring lack of contact.
The problems generated by this lack of diversity, this lack of knowledge of people of the opposite sex, cause a high number of divorces in Iranian society, one of the main challenges of which is the transition from a traditional society to a society modern.

Currently most marriages are based on personal choice.
Young people have the opportunity to meet and get to know each other in different forms: at the university which is a mixed space, through social networks which are widely used, through friends on the occasion of an outing or a party, in the street during a “dor-dor” where the boys flirt with the girls during a weekend drive.
Girls and boys, each in a different car, try their luck by driving around at night, to find a partner. The more luxurious the car, the higher the chances of success.
This causes heavy traffic at night on the main boulevards of the cities.
This “dor-dor” is one of the main hobbies of young people from the wealthy and middle classes, to get to know each other and start a relationship that could possibly lead to a marriage!
Window down, a phone number exchange at a red light, from the boys ‘car to the girls’ car parked next door, a nice smile from some and a flirtatious attitude from the others and off we go …

..a date at the cafe and an invitation to dinner, if the magic of love operates … if not, we do another round!

knogckin at the door

“Who is knogckin at the door?”

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Knockers are not only decorative accessories hung on heavy wooden doors, they have a special cultural connotation.

Women inside houses had to wear the hijab in the presence of people outside the close family members knocking on the door.

“Who is knocking at the door?”

Knockers are not only decorative accessories hung on heavy wooden doors, they have a special cultural connotation. Women inside houses had to wear the hijab in the presence of people outside the close family members knocking on the door. There are two hammers on each door leaf, each having a different shape and a different tone. The circular one has a lower sound, indicates that a woman is standing in front of the door. The heavier, larger handle has a higher sound and tells us it is a man visiting the household.

zoukhaneh

Zourkhaneh, traditional sport in iran

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Zurkhane is an Iranian traditional sport which philosophy consists in mental and physical improvement.

The athletes not only build their body muscles, but also improve their morality and behaviour by performing ancestral movements.

Zourkhaneh, traditional sport in iran

 

Zourkhaneh is an Iranian traditional sport which philosophy consists in mental and physical improvement.
The athletes not only build their body muscles, but also improve their morality and behavior by performing ancestral movements.
The gentlemen gather in a small arena that is built slightly below street level to provide constant temperature. In the middle of the arena there is a round or octogonal sunken area named “Gowd”. The exercise starts with a warm up following the rythm of the Morshed, the master of ceremony who plays tombak and manage the training, singing traditional songs (mostly from Shanameh of Ferdowsi that is the epic of Iranian heroes and athletics). Then they start to play with some special instruments like wooden maces, shields, bows, which have been inspired from the antique weapons.
Some movements remind us the whirling Sufi dance.
The tradition dictates that the older athletes and If one is descendant of the Prophet of Islam (Seyed), have to be more respected, whatever their skills, experience or body condition. the ovation would turn to a salavat, the formula of praise and salutation to prophet Mohammad and his family.
It is said that the origin of this art goes back to the time that Iran was under Mongol domination, the persian warriors secretly trained to organize the insurrection against the invaders.
The entrance of the ceremonies are absolutely free for the spectators, but they can give money, collected in a vase for charities.

Vank Cathedral armenian church

Vank Cathedral in Isfahan

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Vank Cathedral,(congregational) the first and the main Armenian church in Isfahan was built in the middle of 17th century

and the differences of its plan to the classic ones has raised some legends and rumors, …

Vank Cathedral in Isfahan

Vank Cathedral,(congregational) the first and the main Armenian church in Isfahan was built in the middle of 17th century after the Armenian immigration forced by shah Abass who wanted to promote prosperity in his new capital, Isfahan.
Brick dome of church and some tiles working seem to be a derivation of Muslim mosques. The paintings are the combination of Byzantine style and Iranian miniature. This church is not in service any more and it is just used as a museum and for administrative matters. An ethnography museum near by shows the history of the Armenians since their arrival.

Zoroastrianism Iranians ancient religion

Zoroastrianism, Iranians ancient religion

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“Zoroaster” is the name generally known in the West for the prophet of ancient Iran,

whose transformation of his inherited religion inaugurated a movement that eventually became the dominant religion in Iran up until the triumph of Islam.

Zoroastrianism, Iranians ancient religion

Zoroastrianism is Iranians ancient religion, Zoroaster is the name generally known in the West for the prophet of ancient Iran, whose transformation of his inherited religion inaugurated a movement that eventually became the dominant religion in Iran up until the triumph of Islam. Controversy over Zaraθuštra’s date has been an embarrassment of long-standing to Zoroastrian studies. If anything approaching a consensus exists, it is that he lived ca. 1000 BC.
There is really nothing in the Gathas (oldest part of Avesta , zoroastriens holy book) which might give a clue where Zoroaster lived or the areas in which he was active.
Even though there are later traditions which place him in Azerbaijan and Media, it is more reasonable to locate Zoroaster somewhere in eastern Iran along with the rest of the Avesta. The Gathas offer scant information about the life of the prophet. Apparently, Zaraθuštra’s position within his own society became so precarious that he was forced to flee. Ethics plays a predominant role in Zaraθuštra’s thought. Part and parcel of Zaraθuštra’s ethical vision was the belief in rewards and punishments in the afterlife. Although it is impossible to know whether or not it was his innovation, Zaraθuštra was the first in recorded human history to articulate a clear theology of heaven for the righteous and a hell for the wicked.

Fire Temple

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Yazd Zoroastrian fire temple is a holy monument in which the 1500-year old fire is maintained.

The fire is one the 4 holly elements for the Zoroastrian and also the most important one because not only it’s not been contaminated…

Fire Temple

Yazd Zoroastrian fire temple is a holy monument in which the 1500-year old fire is maintained.
The fire is one the 4 holly elements for the Zoroastrian and also the most important one because not only it’s not been contaminated but also it produce the heat and light which are essential for the life. This Bahram fire is one of the few ones which has alived since old times.
During the years the maguses have been protecting the magical fire.
On the building facade, you can see a beautiful Farvahar emblem with 3 mottos, good thought, good word, good deed.
It is a modest edifice to reserve light of the millennium history of Persia.

herkul-sculpture-boston-kermanshah

Kermanshah city on royal road

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Kermanshah, and its predominantly Kurdish population, with some Lor is in northwest Iran.

The city, being the capital of the northwest region, served as a supply base for the northern front against the Iraqi assault and was severely hit during the Iran-Iraq war.

Kermanshah

Kermanshah, and its predominantly Kurdish population, with some Lor is in northwest Iran.

The city, being the capital of the northwest region, served as a supply base for the northern front against the Iraqi assault and was severely hit during the Iran-Iraq war.

Kermanshah is located on the ancient road that connects the Iranian plateau to the Mesopotamian plain. The latter is punctuated by numerous ornamentations and archaeological remains from different periods: Achemenides, Hellenistic, Parthian and Sassanid.
There, in Behistoun, located 20km from Kermanshah, the statue of the Greek hero Hercules who seems to watch over her. On the same rock where this work was carved, appears the proclamation of Darius I written in three languages: Old Persian, Elamite and Akkadian, and which tells us of his illustrious conquests.
Among other vestiges of antiquity, one can find the temple dedicated to the veneration of Artemis, Anahita in the Persian pantheon, 100 km away, in the city of Kangavar.
Nowadays, this route is mainly used by Shia pilgrims from Iran and Iraq.
In Tagh e Bostan we visit the jubilant scene of the Sassanid kings, which offers a style different from the art already known to the Sassanids, the hunting scenes presented as a comic strip with unprecedented realism and incredibly detailed.
The statues with rounded shapes are unheard of in the Sassanid artistic repertoire, and the structure of the bas-reliefs and the halos adorning the busts evoke the influence of Buddhism at that time.
A Tekiey, a place reserved for the commemorative processions of the mourning of Imam Hossein, dating from the 19th century offers a very fine example of Qajar period tiles, very well preserved.
This region is rich and fertile, which favors agriculture. In addition, it is renowned for its traditional cookies.

tehran-overview

Tehran capital of Iran

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 312 0

Tehran, the capital of Iran since the 19th century, is now a megapolis of more than 14 million inhabitants. This is the scene where the politic events and social tumultes of the country have happened and made our contemporary history.

Rey, the ancient city which is mentioned in the historical texts is now one of its southern quarters, absorbed by the frenetic development of Tehran.
Its airports, universities and hospitals and commercial centers are the biggest and most modern in the country.

Tehran

Tehran, the capital of Iran since the 19th century, is now a megapolis of more than 14 million inhabitants. This is the scene where the politic events and social tumultes of the country have happened and made our contemporary history.
Rey, the ancient city which is mentioned in the historical texts is now one of its southern quarters, absorbed by the frenetic development of Tehran.
Its airports, universities and hospitals and commercial centers are the biggest and most modern in the country.

Otherwise, for the lovers of traditional shopping, a promenade in the bazaar and its galleries would be nice which is the longest of the country.
Tehran also offers its mountains, its ideal surrounding for walkers and ski lovers in winter.
Since the rural life is touched by the dryness and the lack of facilities for the necessary development in the small urban centers, exodus to the megapolis has been intensified specially after the Islamic revolution, without any appropriate urban development plan has been anticipated.
Tehran is the point of departure for the most tourists trips because the museums and palaces, allowing cultural and historical discussion topics to be explored for the rest of the journey.
Recently, the elegant architecture of modern bridge (Tabiat) became an attraction and the place for meetings of the youngs, and a scene of interactions between the travelers and the inhabitants.
Although, its inhabitants always complain of the pollution and its traffic but they like their city because it is dynamic and release a sense of energy.
For most Iranians, the ambiguous thought of the past politics, and the destiny in the front, The name if Tehran still bears a great deal of secrecy.