Category: literature

Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam

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18 May is the day of commemoration of the illustrious Hakim Omar Khayyam.

He was a philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet in the 11th century.

Omar Khayyam

18 May is the day of commemoration of the illustrious Hakim Omar Khayyam

He was a philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet in the 11th century.

He is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of the Middle Ages. Omar Khayyam is notably the instigator of the solar calendar, still used in Iran.

But his fame is mainly due to the writing of his quatrains, Rubaiyat, often cited in the West for their skepticism. They would conceal, according to Idries Shah, “mystical pearls”, making Khayyam a Sufi. He is one of the most popular and widely read Persian poets around the world.
This large audience is due to a first translation of his works into English by Edward Fitzgerald, in 1859.

the great iranian poet Saadi

the great iranian poet Saadi

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 567 0

“The tumultuous torrent which descends from the mountains will be lost in the ravines, but the most modest drop of dew is sucked up by the sun which raises it up to the stars”.

the great iranian poet Saadi

“The tumultuous torrent which descends from the mountains will be lost in the ravines, but the most modest drop of dew is sucked up by the sun which raises it up to the stars”. Saadi fruit garden
Saadi, the great Persian poet born in 1210 in Shiraz, has been nicknamed the “Master of the Word”. He studied at the Al Nizamiya School in Baghdad, the most important science center in the Muslim world at the time, and then traveled to various regions, including the Levant and the Hejaz.
He then returned to his hometown of Shiraz and remained there for the rest of his life. His tomb is still visited today to pay homage to him.
Some scholars believe that Saadi is more influenced by religious teachings, especially Shafi’i and Ash’ari, two branches of Sunism, and that he would be fatalistic. This statement is debatable because not quite well founded.
Saadi had an undeniable influence on the Persian language, so there is a significant similarity between modern Persian and his literary writings. His works have long been taught in schools as a source of Persian language and literature, and many popular proverbs in the Persian language have their origin here.
He wrote in a simple manner and adopted a brief style which earned him great fame, even during his lifetime.
Their most famous works are Golestan, “The garden of roses” is their major work. This philosophical sum in verse and poetic prose, written in a style alternately naive, lyrical, tender and sometimes even humorous, initiates the reader to a finer perception of reality.
Behind the apparent sensuality of the form and beyond allegory, the deep nature, the “zat” of all being and all things, is revealed little by little, knowledge of which is the very essence of spiritual awakening. ., and Bustan “Le jardin des fruits”, Le Jardin des fruits is a collection of moral stories of great finesse, which also contains sentences and prayers. These short stories, often funny, for the most part have a moral or social dimension. They are all opportunities to learn to behave in problematic situations of life, and to emerge morally grown from its misadventures. The spiritual dimension of these stories can also take precedence over any other consideration, thus inviting meditation and recollection.
Golestan and Bustan are known as moral books whose influence extended beyond the borders of Persia: they also won over Western thinkers such as Voltaire and Goethe, among others.

The-diamond-Daraye-Noor-sea-of-light-Treasury-of-National-Jewels

The Royal treasury of Tehran

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The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank.

The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, …

The Royal treasury of Iran

The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank in Tehran. The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, he brought back a great deal of precious stones including the two largest pink diamond in the world, sea of light and mount of light. The latter later possessed by british army and is now on the crown of the queen.
In the Qajar era, once again, Fath Ali shah took possession of it and the personal interest of the Qajar kings added quite a few new gems to it, which were partly bought and some counted among the diplomatic gifts.
In 1937 a law required that the treasury be transferred to the Melli (national) bank as the financial endowment of national currency.
The treasury has been prepared and opened to the public with very restricted visiting times.
Among the unique jewels, we can name
The crown of the Pahlavi Dynasty of 2080 grams, used by Reza and Mohammadreza Shah in their coronation ceremony. The famous diamond Daraye-Noor (sea of light) of 182 carats in pink color.
The Kiani crown, belonged to Fath Ali shah and other Qajar kings, set with a 120 carat garnet.
The jeweled globe, made in 1869 by the order of Nasserdin-shah was made basically with 3656 grams of gold with 51366 precious stones mounted on it.
The peacock throne (in Persian named Tawouss, beloved of Fath Ali Shah) dating from the beginning of the 19th century.
Note the visiting hours are from 2:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Open Saturday through Tuesday under strict control.

hafezieh-shiraz

Hafezieh

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 498 0

Hafezieh, the tomb of the great 14th-century Persian poet, the undisputed master of lyrics poetry (Ghazal, a poetic style that deals more with themes of love).

The universal poet, the source of inspiration for great philosophers and writers like Goethe and André Gide.

Hafezieh

Hafezieh, the tomb of the great 14th-century Persian poet, the undisputed master of lyrics poetry (Ghazal, a poetic style that deals more with themes of love). The universal poet, the source of inspiration for great philosophers and writers like Goethe and André Gide.
His poetry deals as much with the worldly subjects (material world) and social theme as with the philosophical and mystical themes beyond our human perception. He talks about wine, beauty, and beautiful faces and appreciates the charm of his hometown Shiraz.

He has only one collection of poetry (Divan) which represents his literary style while there is another poet like Sadi (master of speech) mastering several styles, writes more voluminous works in prose as well as in poetry, but after centuries, it is the poetry of Hafez which has welcomed as interlocutor of advantage among Iranians and admirers of Persian poetry.

Perhaps more than literary and aesthetic reasoning, the enigma of Hafez’s poetry is one reason. Hafez’s poem is surreal and reveals several layers of perception that everyone based on their abilities perceives and translates.
This multifaceted quality has created a tradition called Tafaol (bibliomancy).
By opening Divan of Hafez at random, the verses that come, speak of the wish and foresees the fate of the person.
The ideal man for Hafez (Rend) is a person who does not care about this material and deceptive world that reveals the hypocrisy of the religious and deflects from the populism of authorities which has cost him the disgrace of governors.

The tomb is set in a pretty garden under a dome, it is the most comforting place for young lovers, frustrated by the infidelity of the beloved, seeking a cozy corner to spend some time with Hafez relieving verses.

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