Category: handicrfat

Minakari Enamel Persian Handicrafts

Enamel (Minākāri)

Posted By : nasir/ 90 0

Enamel or enamel making, or as is known in Iran, Minākāri, is nowadays considered as one of the top handicrafts produced by Iranian masters,

Enamel (Minākāri)

Enamel or enamel making, or as is known in Iran, Minākāri, is nowadays considered as one of the top handicrafts produced by Iranian masters, decorating the houses of both Iranians and also tourists and visitors of Iran touched by the beauty of this truly amazing Persian form of art.

A Brief History of Enamel or Enamel Making in Iran

Unfortunately, the origin of enamel making in Iran is lost in history, leaving us with no firm evidence about the beginnings of this art in the land of Persians. Yet, if you happened to be in London one day, it is worth to pay a visit to the Albert and Victoria Museum to watch and enjoy the dazzling beauty of the enameled bracelets made in Iran during the Achaemenid era (550 to 330 BC), on display in.

Concerning its current form and practice, historians argue that the art of enamel making first developed in Iran during the Seljuk era (12th century). But, it reached its zenith during the Safavid period (17th century), most probably due to the influence of Russian and European enameled wares sent to the courts of kings as diplomatic gifts.

Sadly, the art of enamel making gradually lost its popularity after the Safavids. During the Qajar era (19th century), it was limited to the production of certain wares such as hookah jars and hookah heads.

Fortunately, enamel making flowered once again during the Pahlavi era, thanks to the efforts of master Shokrallah Sanizadeh. Since then, the art of enamel making has been thriving, gaining more and more world reputation.

The Process of Enamel Making

To make enamel, the artist first makes a dish, vase or whatever he has in his mind from copper or, sometimes, from gold or silver. Then, he covers it with glaze or kaolin. Afterwards, the glazed dish is decorated with miniature designs, such as arabesque, flowers and even drawings of historical sites. Now, when the drawings are ready, the master artist has to color them, a process which occurs in several steps.

After coloring the drawings, the dish is put into an oven, with a temperature as high as 800˚C, in order to fix the colors and make the enamel durable. The dyes used in enamel making include various metal oxides like tin oxide for white, chrome oxide for yellow and manganese oxide for purpule. The glaze itself is made of material such as ground lapis lazuli or kaolin. The prominent color in enamel, like the tiles seen in mosques, is blue.

Where to Find the Best Enamel in Iran?

Isfahan is the birthplace of enamel and enamel making in Iran, with many outstanding masters, and if you are tempted to buy enamel in Iran, make sure to visit the unique enamel shops and workshops in this city. Also, you can find high quality enamel in Shiraz, though dyed with different colors from those produced in Isfahan.

written by Nasir Asadi

The-diamond-Daraye-Noor-sea-of-light-Treasury-of-National-Jewels

The Royal treasury of Tehran

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 532 0

The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank.

The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, …

The Royal treasury of Iran

The Royal treasury, probably an unparalleled collection in the world is currently housed in the basement of the Iran Melli Bank in Tehran. The accumulation of this treasure dates back to the Safavid era in the 17th century. After the conquest of India by Nader Shah, he brought back a great deal of precious stones including the two largest pink diamond in the world, sea of light and mount of light. The latter later possessed by british army and is now on the crown of the queen.
In the Qajar era, once again, Fath Ali shah took possession of it and the personal interest of the Qajar kings added quite a few new gems to it, which were partly bought and some counted among the diplomatic gifts.
In 1937 a law required that the treasury be transferred to the Melli (national) bank as the financial endowment of national currency.
The treasury has been prepared and opened to the public with very restricted visiting times.
Among the unique jewels, we can name
The crown of the Pahlavi Dynasty of 2080 grams, used by Reza and Mohammadreza Shah in their coronation ceremony. The famous diamond Daraye-Noor (sea of light) of 182 carats in pink color.
The Kiani crown, belonged to Fath Ali shah and other Qajar kings, set with a 120 carat garnet.
The jeweled globe, made in 1869 by the order of Nasserdin-shah was made basically with 3656 grams of gold with 51366 precious stones mounted on it.
The peacock throne (in Persian named Tawouss, beloved of Fath Ali Shah) dating from the beginning of the 19th century.
Note the visiting hours are from 2:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Open Saturday through Tuesday under strict control.

Tabatabaei house in kashan

Tabatabaei house in kashan

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 455 0

Tabatabaei house is one of the numerous old houses in the city of Kashan which was mostly built during 19th century.

This trend of construction reminds the prosperity of Kashan thanks to the carpet production on the field which Tabatabaei family …

Tabatabaei house in kashan

Tabatabaei house is one of the numerous old houses in the city of Kashan which was mostly built during 19th century.
This trend of construction reminds the prosperity of Kashan thanks to the carpet production on the field which Tabatabaei family was reputed for. If we want to enumerate some characteristics of this type of architecture, took into consideration in most of the houses; modest entrance, internal and external courts, reserved for the family and the guests.
Central courtyard surrounded by aestival (normally domed by wind tower) and hivernal (lighted by the sun) habitation for appropriate seasons.
Shah-Neshin, a richly decorated room destined to welcoming the guests .
Interconnected rooms for preserving the family privacy and the master room which dominated the house. Enjoy your visit in Kashan

shahzadeh-garden-mahan-kerman

Kerman city of pistachio

Posted By : mehdi rafiei/ 357 0

Kerman, located on the central plateau, relays the caravan route going to the Indian subcontinent.
The county seat of a province rich in many key archaeological sites.

The incredible discovery of chlorite objects in Jiroft testifies to trade with regions as far away as the southern Persian Gulf from the 3rd millennium B.C.

Kerman

Kerman, located on the central plateau, relays the caravan route going to the Indian subcontinent.
The county seat of a province rich in many key archaeological sites.

The incredible discovery of chlorite objects in Jiroft testifies to trade with regions as far away as the southern Persian Gulf from the 3rd millennium B.C.

The city receives significantly fewer visitors than Shiraz and Isfahan, due to its location, The city is a little off from north-south axis toward east, but it offers just as many attractions and beauty; a local bazaar, traditional baths, and the mosques.
Although the city is surrounded by desert, it enjoys a fresh temperature thanks to its altitude of nearly 1800 m.
It offers the possibility of making many excursions ;
The ruins of the citadel of Bam, recently rebuilt, counts many curious daily visitors. The desert of Shahdad 100 km from Kerman offers a lunar landscape of massifs of eroded mount called Kalout, it is the hottest point on earth in summer, with no need for fire to cook eggs.

The city of Mahan 40 km embrace the tomb of a great Dervish whose descendants continue to this day, and the Shazdeh Garden on the outskirts is one of the most beautiful persin gardens.
Don’t forget to taste its pistachios and buy cumin and ghovatou, a magic powder to make you feel younger, reserved for men …